I love opinionated non-PC people. This blog is to vent my opinions on life, the universe and everything. Which is 42 which in gematria is "My Heart" (LBY) according to Rabbi Abulafia. The Divine Heart is the centre of everything.

Sunday, June 17, 2012

New Jerusalem in Australia: South Land of the Holy Spirit

Most Catholics have heard of Australia originally being named the Great South Land of the Holy Spirit. We have been told that this was because a Portuguese sailor called Pedro Fernandez de Queiros mistakenly thought the New Hebrides was the Great South Land. However others, most notably Cardinal Moran, disagreed as the description of the colony of New Jerusalem that he established does not fit the geography of the New Hebrides site but does fit Port Curtis (Gladstone in Queensland).

De Queiros was also most likely of Marrano (Jewish Catholic) descent so it would seem that Australia was discovered and named Australia by this Catholic Jew in honour of the Holy Spirit. There is an interesting article  entiltled  "The Discoveries of Australia: if there is any one story about the discovery of Australia, it is the opposite of the one that's usually told" by Mary Kalantis and Bill Cope. It states:

"...The first begins in 1600, and casts a different light on the word 'Australia'. In that year, Pedro Fernandez de Quiros travelled from Portugal to Rome among the other pilgrims of the Catholic faith. Unlike the more humble masses, his pilgrimage led him to an audience with Pope Clement VIII. He wanted to enlist the Pope's support in his search for a Great South Land. Rome was then a centre of scientific knowledge. The Pope sought the advice of Christopher Clavius, the mathematician who devised the Gregorian calendar, the geographer Toribio Perez and other great thinkers, all of whom approved of the project. De Quiros left with a letter from the Pope addressed to the Spanish king--Portugal had been united under the Spanish crown since 1580. When de Quiros returned to Spain with the letter, the king issued a royal order for the Viceroy of the Spanish colony of Peru to fit out ships for the voyage.
De Quiros left Callao, Peru in December 1605 with three ships. Accompanying him were three hundred people--Spaniards, Portuguese and others whose ancestry was of the Incas and other ancient peoples of Peru. On 1 May 1606, after crossing the Pacific Ocean, the ships entered a large bay in a place de Quiros believed to be the Great South Land. There are several interpretations of the name he gave this land. In one account, de Quiros called it Austrialia del Espiritu Santo, Austrialia of the Holy Sprit, in recognition of the Spanish King's descent from the Royal House of Austria. Other accounts use the Spanish word for southern, Austral, and in these the land is called Tierra Austral del Espiritu Santo. In de Quiros' own account, published as The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, 1595 to 1606, the proclamation he read when he took possession in the name of the King of Spain named the place Australia del Espiritu Santo. In the world of the English and their Australian descendants, Captain Matthew Flinders is credited with having named Australia. He was the first to map the full extent of the continent, 'discovered' and recorded in his voyages of 1801-03. When he published his Voyage to Terra Australis in 1814, he noted that the land had two different names: New Holland, as it was called by the Dutch who had discovered the western part, and New South Wales, as it was called by the English who had discovered the east. Since his voyages had now proven beyond doubt that New South Wales and New Holland were one and the same landmass, neither name remained satisfactory. So, in the interests of 'geographical precision,' in A Voyage to Terra Australis, he suggested a return to a much older name, Terra Australis, a name the Dutch themselves had originally used on their maps. And, in a footnote, he makes another suggestion: Had I permitted myself any innovation upon the original term, it would have been to convert it to AUSTRALIA; as being more agreeable to the ear, and an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth..."

This article goes on to discuss in more detail the identification of de Queiros' colony of New Jerusalem on Australian soil.
"..And where was this first Australia, this Spanish Australia? De Quiros mistook the present day Vanuatu for the Great South Land, say the keepers of conventional historical wisdoms. But not Cardinal Moran, Irish-Catholic Archbishop of Sydney from 1884 to 1911. A scholar of prodigious capacity, a speaker of seven or eight languages and an historian of the Irish Catholic Church, Moran turned his mind to the voyages of de Quiros. He came to the subject with an Irish-Australian's suspicion of the conventional wisdoms of the Anglo-Imperial establishment.
In a book published in 1906 to commemorate Australia's three-hundredth anniversary, Moran examined all the documentary evidence of de Quiros' voyage. He set out to prove that de Quiros was the discoverer of eastern Australia and that the first Christian settlement, albeit shortlived, was at the place now named Port Curtis, near Gladstone in Queensland.
The settlement was called New Jerusalem by de Quiros and had its own River Jordan, as well as a second river, named the Salvador. According to The Voyages of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, at this place in May 1606 de Quiros proclaimed: Be witness the heavens and the earth, and the sea and all its inhabitants, and those who are present, that I, the Captain Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, in these parts which up to the present time have been unknown ... [W]ith authority from the Supreme Roman Pontiff, Clement VIII, and by order of the King, Don Philip III, King of Spain ... I take possession of all the ... lands that I have newly discovered ... and all this region of the south as far as the Pole, which from this time shall be called Australia del Espiritu Santo.
According to Moran in his Discovery of Australia by De Quiros in the Year 1606, De Quiros reported his discoveries to the Spanish King in 1607:
The greatness of the land newly discovered, judging from what I saw ... is well established. Its length is as much as all of Europe and Asia Minor ... and of such capacity that double the kingdoms and provinces of which your Majesty is at present Lord could fit into it ... The Bay of Sts Philip and James contains 20 Leagues of shore ... it is surrounded by a large population; at a very great distance is seen by day much smoke, and at night many fires.
Moran explains detail by detail how de Quiros' description matches that of Port Curtis on the Queensland coast, and not the port of Santo in the islands of Vanuatu which in Moran's time were called the New Hebrides--the size of the bay, the two rivers (there is only one in Santo bay), the soil and the rocks, the mountains in the distance, the seven Islands visible on the horizon, even the kind of pebbles on the beach. We also know now that the smoke and fires de Quiros saw were characteristic of Aboriginal land clearing at the beginning of the dry season..."

Cardinal Moran writes also about how the Spanish built a temporary Church named in honour of Our Lady of Loreto and they celebrated Pentecost on May 10 1606 and named the new continent Australia del Espiritu Santo and then on 21 May they had a Corpus Christi procession with the Blessed Sacrament including sailor boys dancing before the Eucharistic Lord. It is also interesting that on 19th May two days before Corpus Christi the land was seized with earthquakes some lasting more than an hour. It would seem at this stage Australia was still volatile geologically speaking. The Cardinal suggests that the natives at this time were those who now lived in the Torres Straits. Due to these earthquakes and no doubt the invasion over the Mountains by the inland Aborigines these natives moved north to the York Peninsula and the Torres Straits Islands and New Guinea. Due to native hostility and problems within the crew the new colony called Nova Jerusalem (New Jerusalem) had to be abandoned. De Quieros also established a new knightly order called the Knights of the Holy Ghost for the defence of the new continent. Maybe it is time we reestablished this order of Knights to defend Australia by the establishment of New Jerusalem chapels of Perpetual Eucharistic Adoration so that the Holy Spirit will blaze forth in this land.

Thus it seems that the true story is not that which our anti-Catholic secular establishment supports. The true history of Australia is still to be written going back to ancient times. My dream is to see Australia be that New Jerusalem filled with the Holy Spirit blazing forth from all our chapels of Eucharistic Adoration. Our Lady of the Southern Cross pray for our New Pentecost. 

Also see Australia's First Chapel of Perpetual Adoration