St Peter's Cave near Antioch
St John the Apostle (not to be confused with St John the Beloved (Yochanan) of Ephesus) the son of Zebedee was martyred before 49 AD and at the time of the Council of Jerusalem in 55 AD the Apostle John is not mentioned. Galatians mentions that Peter, James and John are the three pillars of the Church. However we see that at the time of the Council of Jerusalem the leaders are St Peter and St James the Just "the Lord's Brother". At this time it is possible that Peter as Kepha (died 67 AD) declared the replacement pillars as St Mark (Eleazar) leader of the Church in Alexandria (died 68 AD) and St Joseph of Arimathea (died 82 AD) the Abba Abbot of Sumer (Somerset/ Glastonbury).
St Joseph was the Rosh Golus (Glas) of Britain. He or his son Josephes (Gilead bar Joseph) was the originator of R1b-M222 ydna which passed to their descendants in England, Scotland and Ireland. Arimathea was Aram-Tehama which was the capital city of the now sunken land in the Indian Ocean near the Seychelles and Madagascar (Mauritia). His brother Nathan (Tenaufen/ Tasciovanius/ Nascien) was a Romano-British Jewish Prince in charge of the Tin Mines of south-west Britain (Cassi). Nathan did not carry the M222 ydna but was R1b-L21 ancestor of the Davidic House of Nathan in Britain, Europe and the Babylonian Exilarchs.
St Joseph of Arimathea's daughter Chana (Anna) married St Mark (Eleazar bar Shimon) and their son Petrus was a companion of St Joseph in Britain. St Mark (Marcus) had a sister (Osnat/ Aurelia) known after her baptism as Petronilla. She married Titus Flavius Sabinus a friend of General Aulus Plautius and brother to the Roman Emperor Vespasian. St Peter opposed her marriage to the Roman and locked her in her room. She went on a hunger strike until her father relented and allowed the marriage. She was the mother of Pope St Clement I (Titus Flavius Clemens). She was most likely martyred in 95 AD with her son Pope Clement I and other members of her relatives by their cousin the Emperor Domitian.
Rabbi Gamaliel and Rabbi Akiba with other leading Jews and Jewish Christians went to Rome in 95 AD to seek to undo a decree by Domitian against the Jews. They met with Pope Clement I whose mother was a Jewish Christian to beg his help. He was encouraged by his mother and wife Flavia Domitilla (St Domitilla) [who was a granddaughter of the Emperor Vespasian] to defend the Jews. They spoke up on behalf of the Jewish community and in a fury the Emperor unleashed a persecution of his Christian relatives and their followers as well as the Jews. Pope Clement was martyred and his wife sent into exile.
The Zohar was originally a Jewish-Christian (Nazarean/ Chaverim/ Galileans) text of Marian and Eucharistic mystical reflection on the Torah. The original Rabbis were St Peter and some of the other early Jewish Christian leaders who were later disguised by Rabbi Moses de Leon by 2nd century Jewish figures. These zoharic traditions were preserved by the simple black-clad "Mourners of Zion" who were devoted to their Lady (Dame/ Matronita) in the Southern lands of the Indian Ocean as mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela in the 12th century. They were known as the Achim (brothers) who dwell in the South and as the holy Bond of the South. The Zohar was bought to Spain in the 13th century.
St Peter is disguised as Shimon bar Yochai of the 2nd century who was also a follower of this Jewish Christian mystical tradition. Rabbi Akiva was a son or grandson of St Joseph of Arimathea who was a Jewish Christian bishop or shepherd who apostatized and left Britain (London/ Lud) for Palestine. He rejected his upbringing and opposed the Jewish Christians in the Jewish community. He proclaimed Bar Kokba (Koziba) as the Messiah. After Bar Kokba's defeat and the death of his disciples Rabbi Akiba fled to the south in 135 to Aram-Tehama taking with him the original copy of the Zohar which he had been given by his grandfather St Joseph of Arimathea in Britain. He re-embraced his Jewish Christian faith and taught it to Shimon bar Yochai of Aram-Tehama.
The Zohar was seen as a literary Holy Grail that contained the mysteries of the mystical and Eucharistic Cup of Blessing. The Cup representing Our Lady and the blessing representing the Eucharistic Messiah. Thus the first layer of the Zohar was written by Joseph of Arimathea (Rabbi Abba) about the mystical teachings of St Peter, himself and the other early Jewish Christian leaders. This collection was then edited and enriched by Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai of the 2nd century and his school of mystics in the South. The two Shimons were later confused into one as were other Rabbis in the Zohar. They were two different generations of Rabbis- one group who lived and taught in Galilee in Second Temple times and the others in post-Temple times before the Bar Kokhba Revolt.