In Zohar 1:4a-b it reveals that the Mystical Rose also called Heaven (Shamayim) has 390 firmaments. This is the mystical Rose garden (Rosarium in Latin). It reveals that there are two higher academies or yeshivahs. One in the higher regions of what Catholics would call Purgatory close to the gates of Heaven is a Garden of Eden or a Rosarium where there is an Academy where the souls learn Torah. They are taught by the great teachers who descend from the Academy in Heaven and the Messiah himself visits these Academies on occasion. “Meanwhile he heard a voice proclaiming, ‘Make way, make way – for the King Messiah is coming to the Academy of Rabbi Shimon!’… The Messiah visits all those academies, setting his seal on the Torah issuing from the mouths of the rabbis. At that moment the Messiah arrived, adorned by the heads of the academies with celestial crowns.”
The Zohar also reveals that the two beings or minds represented by the golden cherubim on the Ark of the Covenant are also the feminine and masculine aspects of Sabbath and of Torah. The written Torah is seen as the male six-petalled mystical rose and the oral Torah as the female thirteen-petalled mystical rose. The written Torah represents the giving of wisdom and the oral Torah the understanding of that given wisdom.
The open mem represented by a triangle
It is the female or Mother that understands the Torah fully. It is the Mother understanding the wisdom of the heart of her Son. This is the two mems of the name Miriam מרים. The open mem מ is the sea or vessel of Understanding that receives the wisdom of the closed or final (sofit) mem ם who is the Head (rosh) of Creation. The ‘resh’ ר in Miriam represents the word ‘head’ (rosh) and the ‘yod’ י represents the word ‘hand’ (yad).
The head and the hand represent the Divine Man who is encompassed by the concept of the two mems which is Miriam. This is associated with Oral Torah as the way through the Sea (yam) (Isaiah 43:16). This way of the sea (Zohar 1:48b) is the Way of the prophetess Miriam who saw the Mysteries of the Rose as an opening of the Divine Sea. The earthly Miriam is a type of the Heavenly Miriam who is to be the Mother of the Messiah.
Zohar 1:5b reveals the Female, who we have seen is the Rosa Mystica, as the Sabbath Queen (the 13 petalled rose). She is associated with the Sabbath Eve and her Son with the Sabbath Day (the 6 petalled rose). “She said before Him, ‘Master of the Universe, since the day you created me, I have been called Sabbath - and there can be no ‘Day’ without ‘Night’’.” This alludes to Genesis 1:5 “And God called the Light ‘Day”, and the darkness [the Female concealed in darkness (glow light/zohar)] ‘Night’ [the Sabbath Night], And there was Evening [Sabbath Eve] and there was Morning [Sabbath Morning or Day] – day one.” The day one (yom echad) represents the unity of the Lord of the Sabbath and the Sabbath Queen. The word ‘yom’ יום (yod vav mem) represents the unity of Y־H־V־H and his mother. The ‘yod’ י is the ‘Son of the Father’ who descends or bursts into Creation (Tzimtzum) as ‘Light’ (Or) and the ‘vav’ ו represents the Son as a ‘rose’ that unfolds and blossoms united to the ‘mem’ מ which is associated with the Mother who is Miriam. The ‘yam’ ים(sea) that is Miriam (Mir-yam מרים) is found in the word ‘yom’ יום (day) as it surrounds the ‘vav’ as the Sea of wisdom and Mercy. The ‘vav’ ו is the Son (Zer Anpin) who is the male aspect of Wisdom.
Zohar 1:5b discusses further the Sabbath Queen: “My daughter you are Sabbath – I call you Sabbath – but I am about to crown you with a higher crown.” Here it reveals in veiled form that this perfect mirror of the Lord is to receive a higher honour. She is to become the Sanctuary or Temple of the Lord YHVH himself. She is to bear God in her womb as the Living Ark of the Covenant. “He issued a proclamation: My sanctuary you are to hold in ‘Awe’ (Reverence). This is the Sabbath of Sabbath Eve, who is ‘Awe’ and in whom ‘Divine Awe’ dwells. Who is that? (mi zeh?) The one included by the Blessed Holy One when he said ‘I am YHVH’.” (Zohar 1:5b). Thus Mary (Miriam) as the perfect mirror of ‘Divine Awe’ becomes the Sanctuary (mother) for the “Divine Awe’ himself who is the Blessed Holy One (the Divine Heart) and Y-H-V-H – the I AM. The Zohar in this section also reveals that these two Sabbaths are also called ‘Heaven’ (i.e the Son) and the ‘Earth’ (i.e. the Mother). They are represented by a circle and a square – the square inside the circle. These two are associated with the Kiddush of Sabbath Eve.
The 70 names of God associated with this Sabbath Eve Kiddush adorns the Sabbath Queen. The Lady of the Sabbath is connected with the word ‘observe’ (shamor) in Deuteronomy 5:12 and the Lord of the Sabbath is linked with ‘remember’ (zakhor). The Lord of the Sabbath is called Supreme King and the ‘King who possesses Peace’. Zakhor (remember) alludes to Zakhar (male). This circle and square represent the unity of the Two Hearts that beat as One. These mysteries are revealed by Elijah disguised as an old donkey driver which alludes to his role in preparing the way for the Messiah who comes humbly riding on a donkey.