I love opinionated non-PC people. This blog is to vent my opinions on life, the universe and everything. Which is 42 which in gematria is "My Heart" (LBY) according to Rabbi Abulafia. The Divine Heart is the centre of everything.

Friday, October 20, 2017

Moses as Amenemhet III, Exodus Date and Alternative Chronology: A Hebrew Catholic Interpretation

 There are many theories presented by different scholars and researchers on the dating of Moses, the Exodus and the Patriarchal history. It is pretty clear that there is no evidence for these events in the so-called New Kingdom of Egypt. Here is presented some of my reconstruction of the dates and events of Ancient History which owes much to Velikovsky but differs with him on certain points. I hold with Velikovsky that the Exodus occurred at the end of the European Ice Age and I also agree with those who hold that it occurred at the time of the Santorini or Thera explosion. However I date these events to around 1350 BC rather than 1500 BC or earlier as proposed by Velikovsky and some other scholars. The difference with my date to Velikovsky's date is partly due to my not accepting the 586/7 BC date for the destruction of the Temple but a 460 BC date. My date is closer to the traditional Jewish date for the destruction of the Temple of Solomon.

               Velikovsky's date of 1500 BC for the end of the Ice Age correlates with the end of the so-called Middle Kingdom of Egypt and the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. Thus all the European cultures post Ice Age must have existed post 1500 BC rather than after 15,000 years ago as taught by many modern scholars. The date of the Exodus was around 1350 BC and thus the true end of the Ice Age in Europe and thus the cultures mentioned by archaeologists must be dated within this lower time scale. The Battle of Troy occurred around 690 BC and the destruction of the Jewish Temple of Solomon around 460 BC. The Habiru Milesians left Egypt during the reign of Ramses VI (Nectanebo II) around 330 BC in the time of Alexander the Great. The Godoli Milesians left Egypt and Libya under Bile's future wife Princess Tia at the end of the reign of Rameses X around 295 BC when Ptolemy I became the first Macedonian Pharoah of Egypt.

                 Amenemhet I (1560-1530 BC) was the first Pharaoh of the Dynasty that knew not Joseph. He was succeeded by his son Senusret I (reigned c.1530-1484 BC). His son Amenemhet II (reigned c.1484-1449 BC) succeeded him. In his reign Moses’ father Amram the Priest of An and Amon of Hebron entered Egypt. Amenemhet II was succeeded by his son-in law Senusret II (reigned c.1449-1429 BC). Moses' adopted mother was Princess Mereret Tamaat (Merris Tarmut) Neferu the daughter of Senusret II and his wife Queen Neferet daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhet II. Moses was born in 1430 BC in the reign of Senusret II. Moses' foster mother became Queen Mereret when her father died and her husband and half-brother Senusret III (reigned c. 1429-1388 BC) became Pharaoh. In Sensuret III's 16th year the 17 year old Moses was made the King's Son of Kush when he was successful in the Nubian (Kushite/ Ethiopian) campaign. Josephus tells us that Moses married the daughter of the Ethiopian King and it was due to this reason that later Miriam and Aaron criticised Moses about marrying a black Cushite woman. Sensuret praised this 'son' of his even though he is not his biological child. The Stela reads:
"Year 16, third month of winter: the king made his southern boundary at Heh. I have made my boundary further south than my fathers. I have added to what was bequeathed me. (...) As for any son (ie. successor) of mine who shall maintain this border which my Majesty has made, he is my son born to my Majesty. The true son is he who champions his father, who guards the border of his begetter. But he [who] abandons it, who fails to fight for it, he is not my son, he was not born to me. Now my majesty has had an image made of my majesty, at this border which my majesty has made, in order that you maintain it, in order that you fight for it."

             At 20 years of age in the the 19th Year of his adopted father Sensuret III he was made co-ruler with his adopted father as Amenemhet III when he was successful again in the Nubia (Ethiopian) campaign of that year. He left Egypt about 1390 and left his son by his Egyptian wife Hetepti (his adopted sister the daughter of Sobeknefru and her half-brother Sensuret III) with his adopted Mother.

             Moses’ son Amenemhet IV on the death of Sensuret III in 1388 became Pharaoh and Mereret became the Regent as Sobekneferu. Amenemhet IV removed to Thebes on his grandmother’s death and his descendants continued there until they once again ruled Egypt as the 17th and 18th Mosaic or Theban Dynasties. Many have in recent years realised that the Pharaoh of the Exodus must be from the 13th Dynasty as first proposed by Velikovsky. Some claim that Dudimose or Dudumose (Tutimaos/Thothmose) was the Pharaoh of the Exodus. In fact this was the name of Moses who was also as a general called Mer-meshoi and then as co-Pharaoh Amenemhet III. Neferhotep replaced Amemenhet IV and he was succeeded by his brother Sobekhotep IV. Most of the 13th Dynasty Pharaohs were contemporary with the 12th Dynasty and it is the 13th Dynasty Pharaoh Sobekhotep IV Khaneferre who is the Pharaoh of the Exodus. It is said that he married one of the Princesses descended from Senusret III. The Exodus occurred around 1350 BC. The Israelites entered the Promised Land around 1310 BC.

St Joseph Statue in Egyptian tomb

                Joseph the son of the Hebrew Patriarch is also known as Djoser Ateti and Netjerkhet in Egypt. Ateti can also be written Adedi or Teti or Dedi or Thoth or Tuti or Dodi. Thus Djoser Ateti is the same as Yosef haDodi – Joseph the Beloved. The word kawes or kaes is kalleh (bride) in Hebrew. This Bride refers to Joseph's wife Asenath or Osnat the Princess of Annu (On/ Heliopolis). The name Intkaes or Anatkawes means the Bride of Heaven (Nut) and the name Netjerkhet can mean the Divine Body or the divine Bridegroom (Khatan). The House of Akhety is thus the House of the Bridegroom. Asenut (also called Anath) means the beloved of the sky goddess Nut. This beloved of Nut is also called Isis. The As in Asenath is Isis. The Egyptians called Asenath Isis and the Ephraimite Phoenicians called her Anath. Isis is the Egyptian version of the promised Isha of Genesis 3:15 and her seed the Zera is associated with Sirius (zerius) which is Osirus in Egypt. 

           In Sumer the antediluvian Patriarch Henoch (or Enoch) is known as Anu or Anum and is also associated with the Zera (Seed) and the constellation of the Divine Man Sirius or Orion. His wife and daughter-in-law were both called Edna or Edni (Edinah or Dinah) and were seen as types of the promised Isha (Woman). The mother of Abraham was also called Edna. This term Edni or Etni meant a priestess-princess in ancient Sumer. Cain’s son Henoch is also called Enki in Sumer and is called Anubis in Egypt. The name Kaleb or Kawab means the soul (or likeness) of the heart and is also Geb (Gaweb/Galeb) the earth God of Egypt represented by the phallus. This is Yesod or Brit in the Jewish understanding of the Sefirot. The Egyptian Ennead of nine gods is a corruption of the the Jewish and Enochian understanding of the Attributes (Sefirot). Kaleb was a descendant of Phares Judah and he married the Ephraimite Hetepheres (Efrata) daughter of Khufu. He also married Miriam daughter of the Vizier Mered of Zerah Judah. Jewish tradition relates that King David was a descendant of this Caleb and Miriam. Their daughter Shoshana married Amram (Anbaram) of Levi.

               Further revision of the datings of the ancient world also need to be taken into account. The date usually given for the destruction of the First Temple of Solomon today in 586 BC whereas Jewish sources say 422-5 BC - in fact I believe it is around 460-5 BC. Solomon lived in the 9th century BC not the tenth. The First Temple was built around 870 BC. I believe the dating of the Exodus in the 13th dynasty, Solomon in the 18th dynasty and the time of the Babylonian Exile in the 19th dynasty by Velikovsky to be correct. However I believe Velikovsky's dates have to be revised down as he accepted the 586 BC dating of the Destruction of the the First Temple. I believe that originally Jewish authorities dated the Temple to around 460 BC but later adjusted it by 40 years so that the 490 years (of Daniel's Messianic prophecy) ended at the destruction of the Second Temple rather than the crucifixion of Jesus. Thus Rameses II lived in the 5th century BC.


              There is a great discrepancy between the traditional Jewish dates of historical events and the so-called 'Accepted Chronology' of modern academia. Brad Aranson defends the ideas of Dr Chaim S. Heifetz revision of Persian History in accord with traditional Jewish datings. Alexander Eterman seeks to criticise this reconstruction by Heifetz and Aranson and accepts the modern reconstruction of ancient history which is based ultimately on Egyptian Chronology. Eterman doesn't seem to know or doesn't mention the serious problems with Greek History and its chronological datings due to the acceptance of the Egyptian Chronology which creates a totally fictitious Greek Dark Ages.

          Velikovsky and those that have followed his approach have demonstrated that Egyptian Chronology is in need of major revision. Velikovsky did this quite successfully in many regards. However his acceptance of the modern dating for the fall of the first Jewish Temple around 586 BC and thus its faculty dating of the events of the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel affects the time periods for Velikovsky's reconstruction of ancient history. The Jewish datings are mainly based on the Seder Olam and some other Jewish sources. They date the fall of the First Temple to 422 BC and the Second Temple to 68 AD. If we adjust a minor Jewish calendar problem we could adjust this by two years so that the 68 AD becomes the 70 AD of historians for the fall of the Second Temple. Thus the date for the fall of the First Temple would seem to be 420 BC.

          The Rabbis who compiled the Seder Olam took the prophecy of Daniel about 490 years from the destruction of the First Temple until the 'cutting off' of the Messiah as occurring at the destruction of the Second Temple. However the Jewish Christians saw this prophecy as terminating in 30 AD when the Messiah Jesus was crucified. The Seder Olam see the year 28 AD as the year that the Sanhedrin lost the power to give the death sentence. When we adjust this by 2 years we see that this happened in 30 AD. This would explain why the chief priests had to get the permission of Pontius Pilate for the crucifixion of Jesus which probably occurred in 31 AD.

           Thus the First Jewish Temple was not destroyed in 420 or 422 BC but in 460 BC (462 BC). How did the rabbis shorten the historical events? We know from Velikovsky that it was only the ancient history dates from the time of Alexander the Great that he considered 'secure'. The Jewish datings based on the Seder Olam says that Alexander conquered Persia in 312-311 BC but the historians tell us this event happened in 332-1 BC. Thus we see 20 years of the 40 that the Rabbis cut out from their dating system. The other 20 years was taken off the date for the rebuilding of the Temple Walls by Nehemiah thus the date of 334 (332) BC has to be adjusted to 372 BC for the rebuilding of the Walls by Nehemiah. Thus the gap between the modern dating and the adjusted Jewish date is 126 years at this point. Thus Israelite and Judeans history needs to be adjust by 126 years at least.

           The Seder Olam also tells us that the construction of the First Temple was begun by Solomon in 832 BC thus with the adjustments demonstrated here it would be the year 870 BC. The Bible tells us that Solomon began the construction of the temple in his 4th year so his reign would have begun around 874 BC. We know from Velikovsky that the famous Queen of Sheba was Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt. Thus the 18th Dynasty would be further lowered in date than even Velikovsky proposed. Velikovsky also identified Pharoah Necho II with Rameses II. Pharaoh Necho (Rameses II) (r.493 BC-431 BC), King Josiah (r. 519-488 BC) of Judah and Nebuchadnezzar (r. 488-445 BC) lived at the same time. Heifetz's redating of Persian history is helpful if we adjust it by 40 years. The Battle of Kadesh (Carchemesh) occurred in 488 BC.

 One alternative Egyptian Dynasty Timeline that is similar to mine

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